Taft Katsura Agreement Pdf
Discussions between U.S. Secretary of War William Howard Taft and Japanese Prime Minister Katsura Tarō took place on July 27, 1905. The Japanese leader explained Japan`s reasons for creating a protectorate of Korea. He reiterated that Japan was not interested in the Philippines.  The United States had acquired the Philippines after its victory over Spain in the Spanish-American War of 1898. In 1924, Tyler Dennett was the first scholar to obtain the document; He described it as „the text of the `executive agreement` perhaps the most remarkable in the history of U.S. foreign relations.  The consensus of historians is that Dennett exaggerated the importance of a routine discussion that did not change anything and did not set new guidelines. Historians have pointed out that there is no formal agreement on anything new.  The word „agreement“ in the documents simply means that both parties agreed that both the English and Japanese versions of the meeting notes covered the exact content of the conversations.
 President Theodore Roosevelt then agreed that the Minister of War, Mr. Taft, had set out the American position.  After the temporary resolution of the immigration problem, the two countries met to give mutual assurances on their territories and interests in East Asia. In 1908, U.S. Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Ambassador Takahira Kogoro reached an agreement by which Japan promised to respect U.S. territorial possessions in the Pacific, its open door policy in China, and the limitation of immigration to the United States, as indicated in the gentlemen`s agreement. The Japanese government redirected its migrant workers to their stocks in Manchuria, claiming they were not part of China. For its part, the United States recognized Japanese control of Taiwan and the Pescadores, as well as Japan`s special interest in Manchuria. By repeating each country`s position in the region, the Root Takahira agreement served to reduce the risk of misunderstanding or war between the two nations. During the first two decades of the twentieth century, relations between the United States and Japan were marked by growing tensions and corresponding attempts to reduce the risk of conflict through diplomacy. Each side had territory and interests in Asia, which they feared the other side would threaten them. The treatment of Japanese immigrants by the United States and competition for economic and trade opportunities in China have also exacerbated tensions.
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