Epl Collective Bargaining Agreement
In Europe, however, there is a system of leagues that contain all the climbs and descents, with clubs having independent control of themselves. They may be regulated by global, European and national leagues and governing bodies, but for the most part, associations are separate independent entities. For example, if collective bargaining were to be introduced into the FAPL, it would require a complete overhaul of the current system. Among the benefits of a collective bargaining process in British football are: in 2011, substantial changes were made to the luxury tax system. The 2005 CBA dollar-for-dollar tax rules remained in effect until the 2012/2013 season. From 2013/14, the tax was converted to an incremental system. The tax is now assessed at different levels, depending on the amount a team has above the tax threshold which remains at a level above the actual ceiling. The system is not cumulative – each level of taxation applies only to amounts above the threshold of that level. For example, a team above the tax threshold by $8 million pays $US 1.50 for each of its first $5 million above the tax threshold and $1.75 $US per dollar for the remaining $3 million. In addition, „repeat offenders“ subject to additional tax penalties are defined as teams that paid taxes in four of the previous five seasons.
As with the previous CBA, tax revenues will be distributed among teams with lower pay slips.  However, under the new regime, more than 50% of total tax revenues do not have to be made exclusively by teams that have not exceeded the ceiling. the use of the remaining 50% was not defined in the new agreement.  Professional Players Federation, the national organisation of professional players` associations in the UK. There are over 15,600 professional athletes in the UK and the PPF is dedicated to promoting, protecting and developing the collective interests of these players. In addition to the mandatory subjects, the parties may also discuss any other subjects referred to as „permissive subjects“. It should be noted, however, that either party to the collective bargaining process may legitimately refuse to bargain on permitted matters. Players who practice their profession in the Premier League of Football Association must sign a contract with the relevant Premier League club, which can benefit from their services. .